In presenting this report, editors acknowledge and applaud the assertion that all indicators for the SDG targets “should be disaggregated by sex, age, residence and other characteristics, as relevant and possible.” The focus on and capture of such data is essential, not only to ensure gender equality across all SDG outcomes, but also to ensure the successful implementation of the SDGs for all of humanity.

Editors’ aim is to help improve efficacy of the measures used to implement the SDGs, including their cross cutting impacts, by identifying research that investigates all sources and conditions of inequality in the lives of girls, boys, women, and men.

Although not every aspect of science for development, and every measure used to implement the SDG targets, involves direct influence of sex and gender differences, their potential impact on outcomes must be considered in all instances. Otherwise, sex and gender issues will be sidelined as they were in many cases of the MDGs.

This report represents the joint effort of 27 international experts from various fields of science, technology, gender and development. It cites substantial research evidence, with 170 examples, to show that sex-gender considerations must be more deeply and broadly integrated into science knowledge and technologies supporting measures to achieve the SDG targets.

Table of contents

Introduction 4

Sustainable development goals 7

Goal 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere 8
Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture 10
Goal 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages 12
Goal 4 Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning 14
Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 16
Goal 6 Ensure access to water and sanitation for all 18
Goal 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all 20
Goal 8 Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all 22
Goal 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation 24
Goal 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries 26
Goal 11 Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 28
Goal 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 30
Goal 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 32
Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources 34
Goal 15 Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss 36
Goal 16 Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies 38
Goal 17 Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development 40

Appendices: 43

Using the Seoul Declaration to formulate specific implementation action plans 44

UN sustainable development goals and targets 60

Seoul Declaration and Principles 68

Letter to the UN Secretary General 73

Year of publication


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